ĐỀ THI THỬ THPTQG NĂM 2021| Đề thi số 04



 

ĐỀ CHUẨN MINH HỌA 04

(Đề thi có 05 trang)

 

KỲ THI TỐT NGHIỆP TRUNG HỌC PHỔ THÔNG NĂM 2021

Bài thi: NGOẠI NGỮ; Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH

Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút không kể thời gian phát đề

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Họ, tên thí sinh:…………………………………………………………………………

Số báo danh:.................................................................................................................... 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

Question 1:   A. culture       B. student           C. institution               D. university

Question 2:   A. enjoyed     B. turned              C. joined                    D. helped

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 3:    A. present   B. appeal                  C. dissolve                D. eject

Question 4:    A. employer        B. reunite          C. understand           D. recommend

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Question 5 . She didn't close the door, ___?
            A. does she                     B. doesn't she      C. did she                 D. didn’t she

Question 6 :  This house is going  . . . . . . . .. by my mother

A. sold                           B. to be sold              C. to sold               D. to sell

Question 7 : Gas is made .......... coal.

A. of                            B.  from                       C.  with                   D.  to

Question 8………..he worked, the more he earned.

            A. The more hard      B. The hard               C. The harder           D. The hardest

Question  9. Indiana University, one of the largest in the nation, is located in a           town.

A. small beautiful Midwestern                                                      B. beautiful Midwestern small

C. Midwestern beautiful small                                                      D. beautiful small Midwestern

Question 10: At this time last night She was cooking and he _______ the newspaper.

            A.  is reading                B.  was reading                  C. is reading                         D. read

Question 11. I knew they were talking about me             they stopped when I entered the room.

            A. because                    B. so that                     C. despite                                D. therefore

Question 12. I think by the time we ________ there, Jim will have left

            A. by the time we get  B. after we get               C. when we get             D. until we get

Question 13.     the email - supposedly from Boyd's Bank - to be genuine, she was tricked into disclosing her credit card details.

            A. Believe                 B. Being believed      C. To believe                D. Believing

Question 14: The fire was believed to have been caused by an    fault.

            A. electrical                B. electric            C. electricity                    D. electronic

Question 15: The party starts at 9 o'clock so I’ll       at 8.30.

            A. look for you              B. pick you up                          C. bring you along                      D. bring up

Question 16: The internship in this company      an influence on him for the rest of his life.

            A. had                            B. made                      C. took                              D. gave

Question 17: The Giant Panda has been on the   of extinction for many years.

            A. border                       B. verge                     C. margin                           D. rim

Question 18: She's a woman with         no pretensions.

            A. ambitious               B. creative                     C. idealistic                     D. down-to-earth

Question 19: She took a course in fine arts         startingher own business in interior design.

            A. with a view to       B. in terms of                 C. in order to                  D. with reterence to

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the un­derlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 20: He sounded panic-stricken on the phone.

A. terrified                  B. hilarious                    C. happy                          D. disappointed

Question 21: ANU has maintained its position as Australia's top university.

A. conserve                B. remain                       C. complain                     D. conquer

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 22: We are very grateful to Professor Humble for his generosity in donating this wonderful painting to the museum.

A. meanness                  B. sympathy                            C. gratitude                      D. churlishness

Question 23: The works of such men as the English philosophers John Locke and Thomas Hobbes helped pave the way for academic freedom in the modern sense.

A. terminate                  B. prevent                                 C. initiate                         D. lighten

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the option that best completes each of the fol­lowing exchanges.

Question 24: - “Shall we go boating tomorrow?” - “______. The weather report says a storm is coming”.

A. I’m afraid we can’t                                                               B. Sure                

C. That’s a good idea                                                                D. That’s a deal

Question 25: - Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete the following exchange.

Sarah and Kathy are talking about bad habits of children

Sarah: “Children under ten shouldn't stay up late to play computer games.”

Kathy:          .”

A. I don't quite agree with you                                                  B. Yes, I share your opinion.

C. You are absolute right.                                                         D. Surely, they shouldn't

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 26 to 30.

No one runs the internet. It’s organized as a decentralized network of networks. Thousands of companies, universities, governments, and other (26) ______ operate their own networks and exchange traffic with (27) ______ other based on voluntary interconnection agreements.

The shared technical standards (28) ______ make the internet work are managed by an organization called the Internet Engineering Task Force. The IETF is an open organization; anyone is free to attend meetings, propose new standards, and recommend changes to existing standards. No one is required to adopt standards endorsed by the IETF, but the IETF’s consensus-based decision-making process helps to (29) ______ that its recommendations are generally adopted by the internet community.

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is sometimes described as being (30) ______ for internet governance. As its name implies, ICANN is in charge of distributing domain names (like vox.com) and IP addresses. But ICANN doesn’t control who can connect to the internet or what kind of information can be sent over it.

(Adapted from https://www.vox.com/)

Question 26: A. entities               B. terms                        C. amounts                  D. states

Question 27: A. another               B. every                        C. each                        D. all

Question 28: A. that                      B. who                         C. when                      D. what

Question 29: A. function             B. stress                         C. exchange                D. ensure

Question 30: A. curious              B. responsible             C. cheerful                      D. interested

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35.

Dolphins are one of the most intelligent species on the planet, which makes them a very interesting animal to scientists. In their natural habitats, dolphins use various vocalization techniques. They whistle and squeak to recognize members of their pod, identify and protect their young, and call out warnings of danger. They also make clicking sounds used for echolocation to find food and obstacles in dark and murky waters.

Amazingly, the whistling sound that the bottlenose dolphin makes has been found to have a similar pattern to human language. They always make conversational sounds when they greet each other. If you listen to dolphins' squeaks and squeals, it will sound like they are having a conversation.

Dolphins usually use both sound and body language to communicate with each other. It is through gesture and body language, however, that most of their communication with humans comes. Dolphins can be trained to perform complicated tricks. This suggests they have a high level of intelligence and communication capacity. If they work for a long time with a trainer, they are able to recognize and understand human commands.

A lot of dolphin communication has been studied using dolphins in captive environments. These studies have been criticized because some marine biologists believe that dolphins living in aquariums or research centers cannot be considered "normal." Even so, most believe that studying dolphin communication in captivity is useful for beginning to understand the complexity of dolphin communication. After all, dolphins are one of the most intelligent animals. Their ability to communicate is impressive and worthy of study.

Question 31: What would be the most suitable title for the passage?

            A. Communications in dolphins

            B. Intelligent mammals in captivity

            C. Dolphins' social tendencies with humans

            D. Complex patterns in dolphin life

Question 32: In line 2, the word vocalization is closest in meaning to____________.

            A. making gestures          B. creating words       C. producing sounds       D. closing eyes

Question 33: According to paragraph 4, what do some marine biologists think about captive dolphins?

            A. Their relationships are too personal with marine biologists.

            B. They can't be considered accurate subjects for biological studies.

            C. They can communicate exactly the same as humans do.

            D. They easily demonstrate how dolphins act in the wild.

Question 34: All of the following are true about dolphin communication EXCEPT____________

            A. dolphins' squeals and squeaks sound conversational to the human ear

            B. dolphins' clicking sounds are sometimes used to greet humans

            C. communication using sounds and gestures occurs between dolphins

            D. body language and gestures are used for communication with humans

Question 35: In line 17, the word “most” refers to ____________

            A. the majority of marine biologists             B. a few bottlenose dolphins

            C. a lot of bottlenose dolphins                      D. the minority of marine biologists

 

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.

There are many theories of aging, but virtually all fall into the category of being hypotheses with a minimum of supporting evidence. One viewpoint is that aging occurs as the body's organ systems become less efficient. Thus failures in the immune system, hormonal system, and nervous system could all produce characteristics that we associate with aging. Following a different vein, many current researchers are looking for evidence at the cellular and sub cellular level.

It has been shown that cells such as human fibroblasts (generalized tissue cells) grown in culture divide only a limited number of times and then die. (Only cancer cells seem immortal in this respect). Fibroblast cells from an embryo divide more times than those taken from an adult. Thus some researchers believe that aging occurs at the cellular level and is part of the cell's genetic makeup. Any event that disturbs the cell's genetic machinery such as mutation, damaging chemicals in the cell's environment, or loss of genetic material, could cause cells to lose their ability to divide and thus bring on aging. Other theories of aging look at different processes. Chronological aging refers to the passage of time since birth and is usually measured in years. While chronological age can be useful in estimating the average status of a large group of people, it is a poor indicator of an individual person's status because there is a tremendous amount of variation from one individual to the next in regard to the rate at which biological age changes occur. For example, on the average, aging results in people losing much of their ability to perform strenuous activities, yet some elderly individuals are excellent marathon runners.

Another type of aging is cosmetic aging, which consists of changes in outward appearance with advancing age. This includes changes in the body and changes in other aspects of a person's appearance, such as the style of hair and clothing, the type of eyeglasses, and the use of a hearing aid. Like chronological aging, it is frequently used to estimate the degree to which other types of aging have occurred. However, it is an inaccurate indicator for either purpose because of variation among individuals and because a person's appearance is affected by many factors that are not part of aging, including illness, poor nutrition, and exposure to sunlight

Question 36: What is the best title for this passage?

            A. Different Processes of Aging

            B. Outstanding Characteristics Associated with Aging

            C. Theories of Aging: Well Proven Hypotheses

            D. Theories of Aging: Poorly Supported Hypotheses

Question 37: The author points out that cancer cells_____________

            A. seem to live forever

            B. divide and then die

            C . divide more in embryos than in adults

            D. lose their ability to divide

Question 38: The phrase “an embryo” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to_____________.

            A. a descendant           B. an infant                 C. a parent                          D. an internal organ

Question 39: The word “strenuous” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to_____________.

            A. basic                    B. troublesome               C. mental                         D. intense

Question 40: According to the passage, chronological aging is not a good indicator of an individual’s status regarding aging because_____________         .

            A. elderly people are often athletic

            B. there is individual variation in the rate of biological aging

            C. strenuous activities are not good measures of age

            D. it is difficult to get accurate records of birth dates

Question 41: In the last paragraph, the word “this” refers to_____________                  

            A. cosmetic aging      B. type of aging           C. outward appearance D. advancing age

Question 42. The author implies all of the following about cosmetic aging EXCEPT_____________        

            A. It does not occur at the same rate for all people

            B. It is a poor indicator of chronological age

            C. Illness, poor nutrition, and exposure to sunlight cause aging to occur

            D. It is described by changes in outward appearance.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 43: Mrs. Mai and  her friends from Vietnam plan to attend the festival now

                                       A           B                                  C          D

Question 44: Some manufacturers are not only raising their prices but also decreasing the production of its

                                                                               A                           B                C                                      D

products.

Question 45: The whole matter is farther complicated by the fact that Amanda and Jo refuse to speak to

                             A                             B                                         C         

each other.

  D

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions

Question 46: She has known how to play the piano for 5 years.

A. She didn’t play the piano 5 years ago.

B. She started to play the piano 5 years ago.

C. She played the piano 5 years ago.

D. The last time she played the piano was 5 years ago.

Question 47: Conan said to me, “If I were you, I would read different types of books in different ways.”

            A. Conan ordered me to read different types of books in different ways.

            B. I said to Conan to read different types of books in different ways to me.

            C. I read different types of books in different ways to Conan as he told me.

            D. Conan advised me to read different types of books in different ways.

Question 48: Every student is required to write an essay on the topic.

            A. Every student might write an essay on the topic.
            B. Every student must write an essay on the topic.
            C. They require every student can write an essay on the topic.
            D. Every student should write an essay on the topic.

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions

Question 49: His parents are away on holiday. He really needs their help now.

            A. As long as his parents are at home, they will be able to help him.

            B. He wishes his parents were at home and could help him now.

            C. If his parents are at home, they can help him now.

            D. If only his parents had been at home and could have helped him.

Question 50: Helen wrote a novel. He made a cowboy film, too

            A. Helen wrote not only a novel but also made a cowboy film.

            B. Helen both wrote a novel as well as made a cowboy film.

            C. Helen either wrote a novel or made a cowboy film.        

            D. Not only did Helen write a novel but she also made a cowboy film.

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